Tag Archives: thematic

Law 1 – The Field of Play

According to the Laws of the Game for Association Football (Soccer), Law 1 deals with the field of play.  

Field Surface

FIFA and the IFAB specify that the field of play must be a natural, or where the competition rules allow a synthetic, surface.

Markings

The field is to be rectangular and marked with continuous lines, the lines belong to the area they mark. The longer boundary lines are touchlines and the shorter ones are the goal lines. The field is divided in two halves by the halfway line. The midpoint of the halfway line is where the centre mark is placed and it is surrounded by a circle with a radius of 10 yards (9.15 m) around it. All lines must be the same colour and width. The width of the lines should be no wider than 5 inches (12 cm).  The goal lines must be the same width of the goalposts and crossbar. Other lines off the field of play can be made.  The purpose of these lines is to mark 10 yards from the corner arc.

Dimensions

For normal competitions the field should have a length along the touchline (sideline) between 100 yards (90 m) and 130 yards (120 m). The width of the field along the goal line should be between 50 yards (45 m) and 100 yards (90 m).  

For international mathes the dimensions should be between 110 yards (100 m) and 120 yards (110 m) along the touchline.  The maximum width (measured along the goal line) is 80 yards (75 m) with a minimum width of 70 yards (64 m).

The Goal Area

For the goal area two lines perpendicular to the goal line 6 yards (5.5 m) from the inside of the goalposts for a length of 6 yards. These lines are joined by a line parallel to the goal line.

The Penalty Area

The penalty area is the area bounded by two lines that are perpendicular to the goal line 18 yards (16.5 m) from the inside of the goal post.  These lines are 18 yards in length and are joined by a line parallel to the goal line.

A penalty spot is to be placed 12 yards (11 m) from the mid point between the goal posts. An arc 10 yards from the penalty spot is drawn outside the penalty area.

The Corner Area

The corner area is defined as a quarter circle drawn 1 yard (1 m) from each corner flagpost. A flagpost is required in each corner.

The Technical Area

The technical area only realtes to stadiums that have a designated seating area for team officials, substitutes and substituted players. The area extends 1 yard from the sides of the seating area and upto 1 yard from the touchline.

Goals

A goal must be placed on the centre of each goal line. A goal consists of 2 vertical posts, joined at the top by a crossbar. The posts are placed an equal distance from the corner flagposts. The goals should be 8 feet (2.44 m) from the lower edge to the ground and be 8 yards (7.32 m) apart from the inner posts.

Other aspects of Law 1 deal with goal line technology, commercial advertising, logos and video assistant referees.

This post is a the scond in a series I am writing on the laws of the game. The first post originally written on October 4, 2016 on Law 2 – The Ball can be viewed read here.

INS Taragiri

 The INS Taragiri  was a Nigiri class frigate in the Indian Navy.

Commissioned on May 16, 1980,  she is named for a range of hills located in the Himalayas. She was constructed by Mazagon Dock Limited in Mumbai. Her keel was laid down October 15, 1975 and she was completed October 25, 1976. 

Displacing 2962 tons fully loaded her two, 3000 h.p. motors provide a top speed of 28 knots. With a maximum range of 4000 nautical miles the Taragiri served in the Western Naval Fleet where she first performed surveillance operations and then coastal patrols and anti-piracy operations. 

The last Nigiri class frigate to be decommissioned, she was paid off on June 27, 2013.

 

Sources:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/INS_Taragiri

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nilgiri-class_frigate_(1972)

Fedor A. Vasilev

Portrait of Vasilev by Kramskoi

Fedor Aleksandrovich Vasilev was a Russian landscape painter who was born on February 22, 1850, in Gatchina, Russia. His dad was a low ranking government official.

Having to work from the age of 12, Vasilev was a mailman, scribe and an assistant to an art restorer. After the death of his father he became the sole supporter of his family.

He started to take evening classes at the Society For Promotion of Artists’ School of Painting in 1863. While attending these classes, Vasilev, he met many painters who took care of him.

In 1866, famous landscape painter Ivan Shishkin, fell in love with Vasilev’s sister and began to teach him landscape painting.

Vasilev and Shishkin worked together between July and November 1867, on the island of Vallam. As a result of his friendship with Shishkin, Vasilev was introduced to other famous Russian painters and art collectors.

After painting Thaw in 1871, Vasilev became famous with the Russian royal family ordering a copy. Unfortunately, he was unable to enjoy his fame as he was diagnosed with tuberculosis and had to leave Saint Petersburg for the Crimea.

It took him a long time to get used to his new surroundings and he painted landscapes from the plains of Russia. Eventually he got used to his new surroundings and started painting landscapes of the Crimea.

On October 6, 1873, at the age of 23 Vasilev passed away in Yalta.

Sources:
Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fyodor_Vasilyev

Ivan Kramskoi

Souvenir Sheet featuring a self portrait of Ivan Kramskoi

Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoi was a Russian painter and art critic. He was born on the 27th of May in Ostrogozhsk in the Russian Empire to a petit bourgeois family.

He was educated at the Imperial Academy of Arts and while at the Academy he led the “revolt of 14” which led to his and the others expulsion from the academy and the creation of a commune of democratically minded artists.

In 1869 Kramskoi was appointed as an academic to the Saint Petersburg’s Academy. While there he started a society who had the intent of (1) allowing Russians to experience their contemporary art; (2) develop a love for Russian art; and (3) to make it easier for Russian artists to sell their works.

Kramskoi passed away on April 6, 1887.

Sources:
Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ivan_Kramskoi
Olga’s Gallery. https://www.freeart.com/gallery/k/kramskoy/kramskoybio.html